Flat Top Mushroom

I absolutely love growing flat top mushrooms in my garden. They are a delicious and versatile variety of mushroom that can be used in a wide range of culinary dishes. This article will cover everything you need to know about growing and caring for flat top mushrooms at home.

Overview of Flat Top Mushroom

Also known as the Paddy Straw mushroom, the flat top mushroom is a popular choice for home cultivation due to its fast growth and high yield. It is a tropical mushroom that thrives in warm, humid conditions, making it ideal for cultivation in many regions.

Growing Environment

Flat top mushrooms thrive in temperatures between 25-35°C (77-95°F) and require high humidity levels of around 80-85%. They can be grown indoors or outdoors, making them a versatile option for home cultivation.

Growing Substrate

These mushrooms can be cultivated on a variety of substrates including straw, sawdust, and agricultural by-products. The substrate should be pasteurized to eliminate any competing organisms before inoculation with the mushroom spawn.

Inoculation and Colonization

Once the substrate is prepared, it can be inoculated with flat top mushroom spawn. The mycelium will begin to colonize the substrate, forming a white network of hyphae as it grows.

Fruiting and Harvesting

After the substrate is fully colonized, the mushrooms will begin to form and can be harvested at the peak of their maturity. The caps of flat top mushrooms are large and flat, with a delicate texture and mild flavor.

Tips for Successful Cultivation

  • Ensure proper ventilation to prevent the build-up of carbon dioxide during mushroom growth.
  • Maintain consistent humidity levels by misting the growing area regularly.
  • Protect the mushrooms from direct sunlight to prevent overheating.

Benefits of Growing Flat Top Mushrooms

Growing flat top mushrooms at home not only provides a fresh and flavorful addition to your culinary creations but also offers the satisfaction of cultivating your own food. The high yield and fast growth of flat top mushrooms make them a rewarding choice for both beginner and experienced mushroom growers.


Flat top mushrooms are a delightful variety to grow at home, offering a rich and distinctive flavor to a wide range of dishes. With the right growing conditions and a little care, anyone can enjoy the experience of cultivating these delicious mushrooms.